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Hyperlipidemia is the primary causative factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. It is a condition where there is an increased level of LDL or bad cholesterol and triglycerides and a decrease in HDL or good cholesterol.
Dietary modifications can improve serum lipids and reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. In a study conducted by Tracy et al in the year 2016 to study the effectiveness of a brief dietetic intervention on CVD risk factors in hyperlipidaemic adults, it was found that there was a considerable reduction in total cholesterol, triglycerides, total energy intake, total sodium intake, total HDL cholesterol and improvement in dietary fat quality, body mass index (BMI) after a dietary intervention of 6 weeks1.
The following are the ranges for lipid profile2,3,4
|HDL Cholesterol||Low Level, Increased Risk||Average Level, Average Risk||High Level, Less than Average Risk|
|Women||Less than 50 mg/dL||50-59 mg/dl||60 mg/dL or higher|
|Men||Less than 40 mg/dL||40-50 mg/dL||60 mg/dL or higher|
Reference Range For Blood Lipids in Adults
|Test||Optimal or Desirable||Near/Above Optimal||Borderline High||High||Very High|
|LDL Cholesterol||Less than 100 mg/dL; with CVD or diabetes: less than 70 mg/dL (1.81 mmol/L)||100-129 mg/dL||130-159 mg/dL||160-189 mg/dL||Greater than 190 mg/dL|
|Total Cholesterol||Less than 200 mg/dL||200-239 mg/dL||240 mg/dL or higher|
|Fasting Triglycerides||Less than 150 mg/dL||150-199 mg/dL||200-499 mg/dL||Greater than 500 mg/dL|
|Non-HDL Cholesterol||Less than 130 mg/dL||130-159 mg/dL||160-189 mg/dL||190-219 mg/dL||Greater than 220 mg/dL|
Reference Range For Blood Lipids For Children And Young Adults
|Age Group||Test||Acceptable (mg/dL)||Borderline (mg/dL)||High (mg/dL)|
|Children and Teens (ages 2 to 18)||Total Cholesterol||Less than 170||170-199||Greater than or equal to 200|
|Non-HDL Cholesterol||Less than 120||120-144||Greater than or equal to 145|
|Young Adults (ages 19 to 24)||Total Cholesterol||Less than 190||190-224||Greater than or equal to 225|
|Non-HDL Cholesterol||Less than 150||150-189||Greater than or equal to 190|
Schumacher, T. L., Burrows, T. L., Rollo, M. E., Spratt, N. J., Callister, R., & Collins, C. E. (2016). Effectiveness of a Brief Dietetic Intervention for Hyperlipidaemic Adults Using Individually-Tailored Dietary Feedback. Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland), 4(4), 75.
Smith et al, Lab tests online; American Association for Clinical Chemistry (AACC)2001-2020.
Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology. 14th ed. Greer J, editor. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer: 2019.
Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. McPherson R, Pincus M, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011.